Write a short note on the Ilbert Bill controversy.
Lord Lytton’s tenure as the Viceroy of India had been marred by many a high handed measures. His successor Lord Ripon tried to assuage the Indian’s grievances with certain measures. One among those was the Ilbert Bill. The Bill was introduced in 1883 by Lord Ilbert, a Law Member of the Governor General’s Executive Council. It stated that Indian judges, if considered to be competent enough, could try Europeans accused of committing crimes.
The whites in India and England protested wildly against this legislation. As a result of their consistent protests, the Bill had to be shelved. This further convinced the Indians that they would have to organise themselves politically in order to ensure their welfare.