Why vegetable oils are considered healthy as compared to vegetable ghee ? How, are vegetable oils converted into vegetable ghee ? Name and define the process involved.
(i)Vegetable oils contain unsaturated fatty acids while vegetable ghee contains saturated fatty acids which are said to be harmful for health.
(ii)Vegetable oils are converted into vegetable ghee by adding hydrogen in the presence of catalysts palladium (Pd) or nickel (Ni).
(iii) The process involved in this is addition reaction (hydrogenation). It is defined as the addition of hydrogen atoms in carbon atoms of an organic compound.