Why did the inflow of fine Indian cotton begin to decline in England?

  • Historically, fine cottons produced in India were exported to Europe.
  • With industrialisation, British cotton manufacture began to expand and industrialists pressurised the government to restrict cotton imports into Britain and protect local industries.
  • Tariffs were imposed on cloth imports into Britain, consequently the inflow of fine Indian cotton began to decline.
  • British manufacturers also began to seek overseas markets for their cloth.
  • Excluded from the British market by tariff barriers, Indian textiles now faced stiff competition in other international markets