Why did nationalist tensions emerge in the Balkans? Explain.
- THE most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871 was the Balkans.
- The Balkan was a region of geographical and ethnic variation.
- A large part of the Balkans was under the control of the O’ttoman Empire.
- The Balkan states were fiercely jealous of each other and each hoped to gain more territory at the expanse of the others.
- Matters were further complicated because the Balkans also became the scene of big power rivalry.
- During this period, there was intense rivalry among the European powers over trade and colonies as well as naval and military might.
- Russia, Germany, England, Austria, Hungry were keen on countering the hold of other powers over the Balkans.
- This led to a series of wars in the region and finally the First World War.