What were the causes for launching Khilafat Movement in India?

  • The First World War ended with the defeat of Ottoman Turkey.
  • There were rumours that a harsh peace treaty was going to be imposed on the Ottoman emperor—the spiritual head of the Islamic world—the Khalifa.
  • To defend the Khalifa’s temporal powers, a Khilafat Committee was formed in Bombay in March 1919.
  • A young generation of Muslim leaders like the Ali brothers, Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali, began discussing with Mahatma Gandhi about the possibility of a united mass action on the
  • issue.
  • Gandhij i saw this as .an opportunity to bring Muslims under the umbrella of a unified movement called ‘Khilafat and Non-cooperation Movement’.
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