What problems were faced by Indian cotton weavers in 19th century? Describe.
THE Indian cotton weavers faced many problems in 19th century :
- Their export collapsed.
- The local market share being flooded by Manchester imports which were produced by machines were cheap. Being cheap they attracted the buyers and Indian textile could not compete with them.
- By 1860, Indian weavers faced a new problem. They could not get sufficient supply of raw cotton of good quality. This happened because a civil war had broken out in America and cotton supplies from the US to Britain were cut off and Britain turned to India. As raw cotton from India increased, the price of raw cotton shot up. Indian weavers were forced to buy raw cotton at a very high price. So weaving did not remain profitable.
- Factories in India also produced goods at a mass scale which flooded the Indian markets. Thus, the Indian weavers faced a tough time and it became difficult to survive.