What measures should be adopted by the underdeveloped countries to protect environmental degradation and promote sustainable development?

(i) Property rights must be assigned to individual or groups of people on natural resources.
(ii) Government should impose cost on the users in the form of fee or taxes, e.g., income from tree felling in the forests.
(iii) Efforts should be made to replenish renewable resources such as forests and water resources.
(iv) Stricter regulations must be enforced to ensure pollution under control.
(v) More stress on planing of threes on waste lands.