What kind of policy was followed by Bismarck? How did he manage to oust Austria from the German federation?

Bismarck followed the policy of ‘Blood and Iron’.

  • He was the architect ofthis process, carried out the process with the help of the Prussian army and bureaucracy.
  • Three wars were fought for over seven years with Austria, Denmark and France, which ended in the victory of Prussia and completed the process of unification.