What is the importance of pulses in our economy? Why are pulses grown as a rotation crop?
- Importance of Pulses: Pulses are the major source of protein and vegetarian’s diet.
- Being leguminous crops, they help in restoring soil fertility by utilising nitrogen from the air (nitrogen fixation). Therefore, pulses are mostly grown in rotation with other crops. They need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions.
- India is the largest producer as well as consumer of pulses in the world.
Major pulses producing states are - Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
Pulses of Rabi season: Tur (arhar), urad, moong.
Pulses of Kharif season: Masur, peas, gram.