In the formation of molecules, the atomic orbitals of the atoms may hybridise.
- It is the process of mixing up of atomic orbitals of an atom to form identical hybrid orbitals.
- This takes place only during the formation of bond.
- There should not be much difference in the energies of the orbitals that hybridise.
- The number of hybrid orbitals formed is equal to the number of hybridising atomic orbitals.
- Hybrid orbitals form o bonds only not n bonds.