What is biodiversity? What will happen if biodiversity of an area is not preserved? Mention one effect of it.
The variety of life forms found in a particular region forms its biodiversity.
If biodiversity of an area is not preserved, it will result in:
- natural calamities such as floods, forest fires and hurricanes.
- soil erosion and desertification because of deforestation.
- large-scale habitat losses and extinction of vulnerable animal and plant species.
- sudden climatic changes and instability in the functioning of the ecosystem.
The effect of biodiversity loss would be disturbance of ecosystem balance.