What is artificial insemination? Mention two

What is artificial insemination? Mention two ways in which it is useful in breeding of dairy animals.

Artificial insemination is a method of improvement in animals by using controlled breeding methods. During this process, the semen collected from the selected superior quality male parent is injected into the reproductive tract of selected female parent by the breeder.
Breeding of dairy animals by the artificial insemination methods is useful in following two main ways:
(i) The bull of superior quality can be made to inseminate with many cows so, as to produce a large number of offsprings with -desired trait.
(ii) The offsprings produced by artificial insemination have higher yield as compared to the normal offspring.