What geographical conditions are needed for the second most important cereal crop of India? Name some regions where it is grown.
Wheat is the second most important cereal crop of India. It is the main food crop in north and north-western parts of the country. This rabi crop requires a cool growing season and a bright sunshine at the time of ripening. It requires 50 to 75 cms of annual rainfall evenly distributed over the growing season. There are two important wheat-growing zones in the country:
- The Ganga-Satluj plains in the north-west.
- The black soil region of the Deccan.
The major wheat producing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihdr, Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh.