What factors have brought about a change in the Indian Caste System in Modern times? Explain.
- Though the caste has not disappeared completly, it has lost its grip. Political leaders and social reformers like Jotiba Phule, Gandhiji, BR Ambedkar and Periyar Ramaswami Naicker advocated and worked to establish a society in which caste inequalities are absent.
- Due to the economic development, large scale urbanization, growth of literacy and occupational nobility, the caste system is not prevalent in urban India.
- The Constitution of India also prohibits caste based discrimination as the untouchability has been banned by the law and fundamental rights to equality ensure that everyone is equal in the eyes of law, irrespective of gender, caste and religion.