Ideas of national unity in early-nineteenth-century Europe were closely allied to the ideology of liberalism. What did it mean for the middle class in France? Explain.
- For the new middle classes liberalism stood for freedom for the individual and equality of all before the law.
- Politically, it emphasised the concept of government by consent.
- It stood for the end of autocracy and clerical privileges.
- It favoured the constitution and representative government through parliament.