What are adaptations? Explain the types of adaptations.
Adaptation is defined as the trait of an organism that has been favoured by natural selection.
The different types of adaptations are:
- Structural adaptations: Special body parts of an organism that help it to survive in its natural habitat. For example, skin colour, shape, body covering, etc.
- Behavioural adaptations: Special ways of a particular organism that behaves to survive in its natural habitat.
- Physiological adaptations: Systems present in an organism that allow it to perform certain biochemical reactions. For example, making venom, being able to keep a constant body temperature, etc.