The many identical residents of Whoville love drinking Zlurp. Each resident has the following willingness to pay for the tasty refreshment: First bottle $5, Second bottle $4, Third bottle $3, Fourth bottle $2, Fifth bottle 1, Further bottles 0
a. The cost of producing Zlurp is $1.50, and the competitive suppliers sell it at this price. (The supply curve is horizontal.) How many bottles will each Whovillian consume? What is each person’s consumer surplus?
b. Producing Zlurp creates pollution. Each bottle has an external cost of $1. Taking this additional cost into account, what is total surplus per person in the allocation you described in part (a)?
c. Cindy Lou Who, one of the residents of Whoville, decides on her own to reduce her consumption of Zlurp by one bottle. What happens to Cindy’s welfare (her consumer surplus minus the cost of pollution she experiences)? How does Cindy’s decision affect total surplus in Whoville?
d. Mayor Grinch imposes a $1 tax on Zlurp. What is consumption per person now? Calculate consumer surplus, the external cost, government revenue, and total surplus per person.
e. Based on your calculations, would you support the mayor’s policy?
Why or why not?