“The constitution did not use the word ‘Federation’ but the Indian Union is based on the principles of federations.” Explain this statement.
The Constitution did not use the word ‘Federation’ but it has the division of powers into a three- tier system of the central government, the state governments and the local governments. The Constitution of India has also mentioned the distribution of legislative powers in the form of three lists namely—Union, State and Concurrent. So each level of the government has its own jurisdiction to legislate. But we have a centralised federation in which Union government carries more powers than the State governments. It is seen in such a way that Union government has 97 subjects, whereas State as well as Concurrent lists have much less number of subjects. Besides, Union government also has the power to legislate on the residuary powers.