State any four ways by which the blacks were discriminated in South Africa. Who led the democratic and social struggle against these discriminations?
The four ways by which blacks were discriminated in South Africa are as follows :
- The apartheid system was particularly oppressive for the blacks. They were forbidden from living in white areas.
- Blacks could work in permitted areas only. They could not even visit the churches where whites worshipped.
- Blacks could not form association or protest against the inhuman treatment.
- Trains, buses, taxis, hospitals, schools and colleges were all separate for the whites and blacks. This was called segregation.
Nelson Mandela led the democratic and social struggle in South Africa and got its democratic Constitution. He is considered as the main driving force behind it. He fought for the rights and equality among black and white people.