State any four merits of railways

What is the importance of Indian railways?
State any four merits of railways.


  • Railways is the principal mode of transportation for freight and passengers in India.
  • Railways also makes it possible to conduct a number of activities like business, sightseeing, pilgrimage along with transportation of goods over long distances.
  • Apart from being a means of transport, the Indian railways has been a great integrating force for more than 150 years.
  • Railways in India binds the economic life of the country by deveioping industry and agriculture through transportation. The Indian railways is the largest public sector undertaking in India.