Mention any four characteristics of the Indian monsoon.
Monsoon is the seasonal reversal of wind. India has monsoon type of climate.
It has following characteristics
(i) Monsoon which comes as South-West monsoon in Indian sub-continent proceeds into two branches after hitting the Southern tip
(a) Bay of Bengal branch
(b) Arabian sea branch
(ii) Monsoon occurs in alteration of dry and wet spells. The intervening dry spells of monsoon is called ‘Breaks’ in monsoon.
(iii) There is variation in intensity, frequency and duration of monsoon. This causes floods in one place and drought in other at the same time.
(iv) Monsoon is often irregular in its arrival and retreat.