In what ways are intensive industrialisation and urbanisation responsible for water scarcity?
“It is essential to conserve and manage our water resources.” Support the statement with
- The ever increasing number of industries has made matters worse by exerting pressure on existing freshwater resources.
- Industries, apart from being heavy users of water, also require power to run them. Much of this energy comes from hydroelectric power.
- Multiplying urban centres with large and dense populations and urban lifestyles have not only added to water and energy requirements but have further aggravated the problem.
- In housing societies or colonies, we would find that most of these have their own groundwater pumping devices to meet their water needs. With the result, fragile water resources are being overexploited and have caused their depletion in several cities.