In K, L, M, N shells,in the N shell, it can accommodate 32 electrons. So why the outermost shell can accommodate only 8 shells?

The shells are divided into subshells also.

An atomâ€™s electron shells are filled according to the following theoretical constraints:

- Each s subshell holds at most 2 electrons
- Each p subshell holds at most 6 electrons
- Each d subshell holds at most 10 electrons
- Each f subshell holds at most 14 electrons
- Each g subshell holds at most 18 electron

In K we have only 1 subshell that is s, so maximum number of electrons in K shell is 2

In L we have 2 subshell that is s and p, so maximum number of electrons in L shell is 2+ 6= 8

In M we have 3 subshell that is s, p and d so maximum number of electrons in M shell is 2+6+10.

In N we have s, p, d and f subshells, so maximum number of electrons in N shell is 2+6+10+14 = 32 electrons.

During filling of electrons the following rules are considered.

- Orbitals are filled in the order of increasing
*n*+*l*; - Where two orbitals have the same value of
*n*+*l*, they are filled in order of increasing*n*.

So, we follow this order for filling the orbitals:

1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p, 5s, 4d, 5p, 6s, 4f, 5d, 6p, 7s, 5f, 6d, and 7p