Identify the determinants of the outcomes of the Politics of Social division and Explain them.
Determinants of the outcomes of the politics of social division.
- How people perceive their identities: If people see their identities in exclusive terms, it becomes difficult to accomodate. As long as people in Northern Ireland saw themselves as only catholic or protestant, their differences wete difficult to reconcile. It is easier if identities are complimentary with national identities. This helps to stay together. This is how most people in our country see their identity. They feel and think as Indian as well as belonging to a state or a language group or a social or religious group.
- How political leaders raise demands of any community: it is easier to accomodate demands that are within the constitutional framework fthd are not at the cost of another community. The demand for ‘only sinhala’ was at the. cost of the interest and identity of Tamil community in Sri Lanka.
- How government reacts to demands of social groups: If the rulers are willing to share power and accommodate the reasonable demands of minority community, as in Belgium, social division become less threatening for the country. But if the demand is suppressed in the name of national unity, as in Sri Lanka, the end . result is quite opposite. Such attempts at forced integration sow the seeds of disintegration.