How was water conserved in ancient India? Give any four examples to support your answer.
- In hilly regions people built diversion channels for agriculture known as “guls” or “kuls”.
- In the flood plains of Bengal, people developed inundation channels to irrigate their fields. In this the flood water is diverted through channels to the fields for irrigation.
- Rooftop, rainwater harvesting was commonly practised in Rajasthan.
- In arid and semi arid regions, agricultural fields are converted into rain-fed storage structures that allow water to stand and moisten the soil like khadins in Jaisalmer and Johads in other parts of Rajasthan.