How did drought affect the life of pastoralists?
Drought affects the life of pastoralists everywhere. In ancient time, nomadism allowed the pastoralists to survive in bad times and avoid crises. When drought arose, the pastoralists moved to areas where forage was available.
Later the movements of the pastoralists were regulated and they were forced to live in semi-arid tracts prone to frequent droughts due to the different forest acts.
As a result many cattle died out of starvation as limited pasture was available for them. e.g. the drought in Kenya reduced the Massai cattle population to half what it was prior to drought. The pastoralists lost their source of income and some bought land and settled in villages and other combined cultivation with pastoral activities.