How are the phanerogams classified?

How are the phanerogams classified?

Phanerogams are classified depending on the presence or absence of fruits. They are of two types:

  1. Gymnosperm possesses naked seeds, i.e., not enclosed by fruits.
  2. Angiosperms, in which the seeds are enclosed within the fruit.

Angiosperms are further divided into two types:

  1. Monocotyledons, which have a single cotyledon in their seeds, e.g., wheat, rice, etc.
  2. Dicotyledons, which have two cotyledons in their seeds, e.g., gram, pea, etc.