How are popular struggles an integral part of working democracy?

How are popular struggles an integral part of working democracy? Explain by giving an example of Bolivia’s struggle for water.
Describe the popular struggle of Bolivia.

People’s successful struggle against privatisation of water in Bolivia reminds that popular struggles are integral to working of democracy:

  • Bolivia is a poor country in Latin America. The World Bank had pressurised the government to give up its control of municipal water supply.

  • The government sold her rights for the city of Cochabamba to a multi-national company.

  • The multi-national company immediately increased the price of water by four times.

  • The increasement in price rise led to a spontaneous popular protest.

  • In January 2000, a new alliance of labour, human rights and community leaders organised a successful four-day general strike in the city.

  • Ultimately, the government agreed to negotiate and the strike was called off. Yet nothing happened.

  • In February 2000, the agitation was started again. The police resorted to brutal repression on strikers.

  • Another strike followed in April and the government imposed martial law.

  • But the power of the people forced the officials of the MNC to flee the city and made the government concede to all the demands of protesters.

  • The contract with the MNC was cancelled and water supply was restored to the municipality at old rates.