Give reasons why parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the leeward side of the Western Ghats are drought prone.
- Western Rajasthan and part of Gujarat are desert type regions with extreme climate. Intense thermal heating makes the desert land very dry.
- The Arabian Sea branch runs parallel to Aravallis, providing no barriers to the clouds, leaving it again a dry region.
- The Bay of Bengal branch is unable to reach up to western part and in winters even western disturbances also hardly give any rains to this region.
- The leeward side of the Western Ghats also lies in the rainshadow of S.W. monsoon.
- With the result, regions lying at the same latitude are unable to receive rains, if they are on the leeward side of the Western Ghats.