Give any four characteristics of arid soils of India.
Arid soils range from red to brown in colour.
- They are sandy in texture and saline in nature. In some areas, the salt content is very high and common salt is obtained by evaporating the water.
- Due to dry climate, high temperature, evaporation is faster and the soil lacks humus and moisture.
- The lower layers of the soil are occupied by Kankar because of the increasing calcium content downwards.
- After proper irrigation, these soils become cultivable as has been in the case of western Rajasthan.