“Gender division is not based on biology but on social expectations and stereotypes”. Support the statement.
Gender division is not based on biology but on social expectations and stereotype:
- Boys and girls are brought up to believe that the main responsibility of women is house work and bringing up children. There is sexual division of labour in most families where women stay at home and men work outside to play the role of breadwinners.
- Literacy rate among women is only 54% in comparison to 76% among men. In studies, girls mostly perform better than boys, but they drop out simply because their parents prefer to spend their resources on their sons education. A smaller proportion of girls go for higher studies.
- On an average, a woman works more than an average man everyday. Since much of her work is not paid for, therefore often not valued. The Equal Wages Act provides for equal wages for equal work, but in almost all areas of work from sports to cinema, from factories of fields, women are comparatively paid less because of the male chauvinistic bent of mind of society.
- Child sex-ratio is very low. In India, the national average is 914. In some places it is even lower because parents prefer to have sons so they get girl child aborted.
- In urban areas too, women are not respected and are unsafe even in their homes being subjected to beating, harassment and other forms of domestic violence.
- The role of women in politics in most societies is minimal.