Fractional distillation is suitable for separation of miscible liquids with a boiling point difference of about 25 K or less. What part of fractional distillation apparatus makes it efficient and possess an advantage over a simple distillation process? Explain using a diagram.
The fractionating column packed with glass beads provides a surface for the vapours to collide and lose energy so that they can be quickly condensed and distilled. Also, length of the column would increase the efficiency of separation.