Explain the two different ways of participating in a struggle in democratic set up of government.
The examples of Bolivia and Nepal show that various organisations such as human rights, labour and community leaders join together to protest:
- In a democracy, several kinds of organisations work behind any big struggle.
- These organisations play their role in two ways :
- Direct Participation and
- Indirect Participation.
Direct Participation: The organisations try to influence the decisions in a democracy by directly participating in active politics.
- This is done by creating parties, contesting elections and forming government.
- Every citizen does not participate directly. They may not have the desire, the need or the skills to take part in direct political activity other than voting.
- There are many indirect ways in which people can get governments to listen to their demands.
- They could do so by forming an organisation and undertaking activities to promote their interests.
- These are called interest groups or pressure groups.
- Sometimes, people decide to act together without forming organisations.
- They influence the government policies without sharing the political power.