Explain the three lists given in the constitution of India.
The constitution provided a three-fold distribution of legislative powers:
- Union list includes subjects of national importance i.e. defence of the country, foreign affairs, banking communications and currency.
2 State contains subjects of state and local importance i.e. police, trade, commerce, agriculture and irrigation.
- Concurrent list includes subjects of common interest to both the Union government as well as the state governments i.e. education, forests, trade unions, marriages, adoption and succession.
- Residuary list of powers - Matters which are not included in any list are known as residuary powers. The Central government has been given the power to legislate on residual subjects.