Explain the significance of newspapers and journals from the early 18th century.
Significance of newspapers and journals:
- By the close of the eighteenth century, a number of newspapers and journals appeared in print.
- Not just the English people the Indians too began to publish Indian newspapers.
- The first newspaper to come out was the weekly ‘Bengal Gazette’, brought out by Gangadhar Bhattacharya.
- Printed texts and newspapers not only spread new ideas, but they also shaped the nature of debate. A wider public could now participate in public discussion and express their views.
- There were more intense controversies between the social and religious reformers and Hindu orthodoxy.
- Rammohan Roy published the ‘Sambad Kaumudi’ from 1921 and the Hindu orthodoxy commissioned the ‘Samachar Chandrika’ to oppose his opinions.
- Newspapers and journals not only helped the publications of conflicting opinions but also connected people and communities in different parts of India. Newspapers conveyed news from one place to another, creating pan-Indian identities.