Explain the need and type of land reforms implemented in the agriculture sector?
At the time of independence, the land tenure system was characterised by intermediaries called zamindars, jagirdars etc. Who merely collected rent from the actual tiller without contributing towards improvements on the farm. This demotivated the actual tiller and resulted in low productivity in this sector. Because of this, there was an urgent need for land reform policy. - The important policies of India’s land reform strategy were:
(i) Abolition of Intermediaries The Zamindari system was abolished and ownership rights were confused to the actual tiller of land.
(ii) Regulation of Rent Rent was regulated and a maximum limit of 33 % of the value of crop was fixed.
(iii) Land Ceiling The maximum size of land holding that an agricultural household can own was fixed.the surplus land was acquired after paying compensation and was re-distributed among poor farmers.
(iv) Consolidation of Land Holding To increase productivity farmers were given big piece of land in place of his small and fragmented fields.
(v) Co-operative Farming Co-operative farming was encouraged to further benefit from the gains of consolidation of holdings.