Explain the measures adopted by the government of India to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains

Explain the measures adopted by the government of India to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains.
Or
How has India achieved self-sufficiency in food grains since independence? Describe.

After independence, Indian policy makers adopted all measures to achieve self-sufficiency in food grains.
Following measures were adopted by government of India to achieve self sufficiency in food grains
(i) India adopted a new strategy in agriculture, which resulted in ‘Green Revolution’ especially in the production of wheat and rice.
(ii) The government has made the provision of buffer stock meant to distribute food grains in the deficit areas and among the poorer strata of society at a price lower than the market price. This also, helps to resolve the problem of shortage of food during adverse weather conditions or during the periods of calamity.
(iii) The government has made provision of Public Distribution System (PDS).
This is meant for distribution of food grains through government regulated shops among the poorer sections of the society.
(iv) The government has also initiated other ’ food intervention programmes like Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), Food for Work Programme, Rural Wage Employment Programmes, Employment Guarantee Scheme, Sampurna Grameen Rojgar Yozna, Mid-Day Meal, etc.

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