Explain the major powers and functions of the Parliament.
In India, a national assembly of elected representatives is called Parliament.
The major powers andjunctions of the Parliament are
(i) The Parliament is the final authority for making laws in any Country. In India, it makes laws on the subjects of Union List, Concurrent List and in certain cases on State List.
(ii) The Parliament can pass a resolution of
no-confidence against the ministry and ask it to resign. Those who run the government can take decisions only so long as they enjoy support of the Parliament.
(iii) The Parliament controls all the money that
government has. The governmental budget is passed in the Parliament.
(iv) The Parliament is the highest forum of discussion and debate on public issues and national policies.
(v) The Parliament can seek information from and ask questions to the government and its ministers on any matter.
(vi) The Parliament elects President, Vice-President, Speaker, Deputy Speaker, Vice-Chairman of Rajya Sabha, etc. It can also remove President, VicePresident, Judges of the Supreme Court and High . Courts by passing a resolution of impeachment against them.