Explain the circumstances under which Gandhiji decided to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1931.
Explain the circumstances under which Gandhiji decided to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1931
- The colonial government began arresting Congress leaders one by one.
- This led to violent clashes in many places.
- When Abdul Gaffar Khan, a devout disciple of Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in April 1930, angry crowds demonstrated in the streets of Peshawar, facing armoured cars and police firing.
- Many people were killed.
- A month later, when Mahatma Gandhi himself was arrested, industrial workers in Sholapur attacked police posts, municipal buildings, law courts and railway stations.
- Peaceful satyagrahis were attacked.
- Women and children were beaten and about 1,00,000 people were arrested. In such situation, Mahatma Gandhi decided to call off the movement in 1931.