Explain the adolescent problems and their management ?
Problems of Adolescents : Owing to various changes, children of this age group face many problems; indeed, it is very delicate period of their life. The major problems, which adolescents face, are given below :
(i) Physical Problems: During adolescence, many bodily or physical changes take place. Menstruation and nightfall become a phenomenon for girls and boys respectively. Development of sex glands takes place. Due to these changes, adolescents feel restless and worried.
(ii) Mental Problems : During this age, stress, tension and strife are common. These traits create many mental problems. An adolescent faces many problems such as difficulty in co-operating with others, anxiety maladjustment, etc.
(iii) Problem of Aggressive Behaviour: In this age group, children tend to show aggressive behaviour. They become aggressive on small matters. They become irritated easily. When they are asked to do certain activity, they become repulsive. They try to become hero.
(iv) Lack of Stability and Adjustment : An adolescent does not remain stable and he faces adjustment problem. His behaviour does not remain content. He feels himself unable to adjust with other people. He fails to co-ordinate with others. Not only outside but he cannot adjust himself in his family. He cannot co-operate with his family members. He feels that he is under
pressure of his parents. He wants to have free atmosphere at home.
(v) Emotional Problems: The life of an adolescent is full of emotions. Under such emotions, he performs some uphill task, which seems to be impossible in the beginning. Rose says, "The adolescent lives intensely emotional life, in which we can see once more the rhythm of positive and negative phases of behaviour in his constant alternation between intense excitement and deep depression. " Sometimes, the adolescent becomes so excited that he considers himself to be at the top of the world and, sometimes, he finds, himself in a state of depression. He feels himself emotionally disturbed.
(vi) Problems Related to Sex : During adolescence, children face many problems, which are related to sex. They try to meet the opposite sex. Sometimes, they become so eager that they do not hesitate to leave their family. They feel restless due to their sexual urge. Rose says, “Sex, then, is the fundamental fact of adolescence, if not all life. Like the overflow of Great River, it irrigates and fertilizes great tracts of life’s territory.”
(vii) Problems of Self-support: Each and every adolescent needs self-support. He wants to make his own place in the society. He desires to live a fruitful life. Rose says, “The adolescent desires to find his place in the world. The desire is a genuine need and refers to the need for self-support. He faces the problems of carrier selection. He does not want to depend upon his family members. He remains in between dependence and independence.”
(viii) Feeling of Importance: An adolescent begins to understand himself important. He thinks that he should also get respect. But, sometimes, parents do not take it seriously. They fail to understand the feelings of adolescent. That’s why he feels himself unimportant and it becomes a great problem.
(ix) Social Problems: It has been observed that adolescents want to adopt their own way, but society creates many hindrances in their paths. So, adolescents revolt against the social customs and traditions. Friends are very important for this age group. They share their views, knowledge and experience and hence, sometimes, the group acts as the medium of spreading social vices and dis-satisfaction. If this group gets proper guidance, it is the best institution for developing sociability, confidence and comprehension. These adolescents fall prey to intoxication, i.e., alcohol, drugs and smoking. Management of Adolescence Problems.
The following suggestions can be beneficial for the management of problems of the adolescence:
(i) Education for Motor Development- An adolescent should be provided the education for his motor development. He should be encouraged to play various games and sports. Through games and sports, his motor development will take place properly.
(ii) Education of Phychology- Teachers and parents should have the basic knowledge of phychology. They should be able to understand the mindset of an adolescent because many problems can be solved by an adolescent himself.
(iii) Vocational guidance- Teachers should provide vocational guidance to the adolescents. This guidance should be provided keeping in view their intelligence, capabilities, aptitude and interest.
(iv) Moral and Religious Education- Moral and Religious Education should be provided to adolescents. Religious and moral education will give them mental peace. Through this some problems like indiscipline, anxiety and, worry can be tackled easily.
(v) To provide suitable environment- Adolescents should be provided suitable environment for growth and development. They should be provided with proper facilities and opportunities for proper development. They should be provided balanced diet, should be taught how to behave and should be provided suitable and healthy environment.