Explain Nepal’s struggle for democracy.
epal is on the northern borders of India. It has witnessed several people’s struggles for democracy. The previous Constitution of Nepal, which was adopted in 1990, had the final authority rested with the King. Thus, people’s struggle in 1990 established democracy that lasted for 12 years until 2002. However, in October 2002, King Gyanendra cited the Maoist uprising in the countryside and started taking over different aspects of the government with the army’s assistance. The King then finally took control as the head of government in February 2005.
In 2006, people’s movement for democracy began gaining immense force and it repeatedly refused the small concessions that the King made. In April 2006, the King restored the Third Parliament and asked the political parties to form a government. Finally, in 2007, Nepal adopted an Interim Constitution.