Explain colonial rule and income inequalities as causes of poverty

One of the historical reasons for poverty is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration. The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries like textiles. Income inequalities have resulted from non-availability of land to rural landless labourers. Thus, they are forced to work for low wages for the large farmers, causing poverty to them, as they are not able to meet their daily needs with their meagre earnings.