Explain any three reasons that led to the rise of majoritarianism in Sri Lanka.
Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka:
Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948. The leaders of the Sinhala community sought to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority. As a result, the democratically elected government adopted a series of Majoritarian measures to establish Sinhala supremacy.
In 1956, an Act was passed to recognise sinhala as the only official language, thus, disregarding Tamil. The governments followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs. A new. constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.