Examine the reasons for strained relationship between the Sinhala and Tamil community.
- In 1956, an Act was passed under which, Sinhala was recognized as Sri Lankan official language. No consideration was given to Tamil language.
- The government followed preferential policies which favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs.
- The new constitution stipulated that state would protect and promote Buddhism. All these government measures increased the feeling of alienation among Sri Lankan Tamils and they felt that government’s constitution denied them equal political rights, discriminated them in getting jobs and other opportunities and ignored their interests. Thus, the relations between the sinhala and Tamil communities strained over time.