Examine the causes and effect of the third Maratha War.
But soon the peshwa undid this treaty of Poona with the British and on 5 November 1817 attacked the British Residency. He was defeated at a place called Kirkee. Similarly, the Bhonsle chief, Appa Sahib also refused to abide by the treaty of Nagpur, which he had signed with the British only 17 May, 1816. According to this treaty, Nagpur came under the control of the Company. He fought with the British in the battle of Sitabaldi in November 1817, but was
The Peshwa now turned to Holkar for help, but Holkar too was defeated by the British on 21 December 1817 at Baroda, Therefore, by December 1817 the dream of a Mighty Marathas confederacy was finally shattered.
In 1818, Scindia was also forest to sign a new treaty with the British on the basis of which Ajmer was given to the Nowab of Bhopal, who also accepted the British suzerainty. The Gackwar of Baroda, while accepting the subsidiasy alliance, agreed to hand over certain areas of Ahmedabad to the British. The Rajput states which were under the Pindaris were freed after the latter’s suppression.
The gear 1818 Was a significant year on account of major political achievements for the British. The Maratha dream of establishing themselves as the paramount power in India was completely destroyed. Thus, the last huldle in the way of British paramountcy was removed.