Estimate the achivements of the Lord Wellesley:
The appointment ot Kichard tolIey Wellesley as Governor-General Marks an epoch in the history of British India. He was a great imperialist and called himself ‘a Bengal tiger’. Wellesley came to India vith a determination to launch a forward policy in order to make ‘the British Empire in India’ into ‘the British Empire of india’. The system that he adapted to achieve his objéct is known as the ‘Subsidiary Alliance’.
Political condition of India at the time of Wellesley’s Arrival:
In the north-Western India, the danger of Zaman ‘Shah’s aggression posed a serious threat to theBritish power in India.
In the north and central India, the Marathas remained a formiderable — political power… The Nizam of Hyderabad employed the Frenchmen to train his army. Thepolitical unrest in the Karnatak region continued and Tipu Sultan had remained the uncompromising enemy of the British.
Moreover, the policy of neutrality adopted by SirJohn Shore, the successor of Cornwallis, created a kind of political unrest in India and greatly affected the prestige of the English. His non intervention policy contributed much tothe growth of anti-British feelings. Further. Napoleon’s move for an Eastern invasion created a fear among English statesmen. It was in this light that WelLesley moulded his policy. Preservation of British prestige and removal of French danger from India were Wellesley’s twin aims.