Distinguish between the Unitary and Federal systems of government.
- Under the unitary system, either there is only one level of government or the sub-units are subordinate to the central government. The central government can pass on orders to the provincial or the local government.
- In federal system, government and its powers are divided at Union and State level, in some countries even at local self-level. In this system, the central government cannot order the state government to do something.
- In federal system, State government has powers of its own for which it is not answerable to the central government. Both these governments are separately answerable to the people.