Discuss the circumstances that lead to the forth Mysore War.
The circumstances which lead to the Forth-Mysore war can be summarised as follows:
Tipu Sultan wanted to avenge his humiliating defeat and the terms imposed on him by the British. He also aimed at making Mysore a strong state. Tip.u worked continuously to secure help to fight British imperialism. He took efforts to seek the help of the France, Arabia, Kabul and Turkey. He corresponded with the Revolutionary French Government in July 1798. At Srirangapattinam, a Jacobian Club was started and the flag of the French Republic was hoisted. The tree of Liberty was also planted. Later, when Napoleon came to power, Tipu received a friendly letter from Napoleon (who was in Egypt at that time).
It was at this juncture that Wellesley reached Calcutta with a mind already filled with fear of Napoleon. Therefore, he prepared for a war against Mysore. As a part of his strategy, Wellesley tried to revive the Triple Alliance df 1790 with the Marathas. Though his proposal was not accepted by the Marathas, they promised to remain neutral. However, a subsidiary Alliance with the Nizam was concluded by the British and as a consequence, the French force at Hyderabad was disbanded.
Wellesley set out to persuade Tipu to accept pact of subsidiary alliance and wrote letters requesting the Tipu to dismiss the French, to receive an English envoy and to make terms with the company and its’allies. Tipu paid scant attention to Wellesley’s letters and thus the Fourth Anglo-Mysore war started.