The following are the six systems of medicines constituted by ISM (Indian Systems of Medicine) :
(i) Ayurveda : Ayurveda is one of the traditional systems of medicine that is still used in India, It is a holistic way to achieve health through body, mind and spirit. The ayurvedic practitioners recommend diet and lifestyle changes along with drug therapy. They have identified a number of medical preparations and surgical procedures for curing various ailments and diseases that cannot be completely curable in other medical systems. The methods of ayurveda such as applying herbs and massage can also be applied along with other systems.
(ii) Yoga : Yoga as an art organized and was
practiced in India from thousand Years. It has references in ‘Upanishads’ and ‘Puranas’ composed by Indian Aryans in. the vedic period. The main credit for systematizing yoga goes to Patanjali who wrote ‘Yoga Sutra’, two thousand years ago. Yoga Sutra is the most important basic text on Yoga.
(iii) Siddha : Siddha comes from the world Siddhi which means an object to attain perfection or heaven. This is the oldest among the Indian Medical systems namely Ayurveda and Unani. It is also known as Siddha Vaidya in India and also the oldest medical, system in the world. As nowadays, people’s preference to natural health remedies and herbal health remedies is increasing day by day Siddha has emerged as an important and unique system of Indian medicine when compared to other traditional medical systems in existence.
(iv) Naturopathy : Naturopathy deals with the healing power of nature as it assumes that all healing powers are within our body. This means that within every human organism there is a healing energy. Naturopathy regards that when we go against nature only then we fall ill. ‘Fasting’ has been described as nature’s way to recover. A thorough rest that includes fasting is the most favourable condition in which an ailing body can purity and recover itself.
(v) Unani: Unani has a long and impressive record
in India, It was introduced in india around 10th century A.D. with the spread of Islamic civilization. Now unanipathy has become an important part of Indian systems of medicine. India is one of the leading countries in terms of its popularity. It is very much similar to our Ayurveda.
(vi) Homeopathy : Homeopathy consists of two
words ‘Homeo’ meaning similar and’Pathos’ meaning suffering or treatment. In this system, a,drug and a disease that produce similar symptoms cancel each cither. It is popular among the people due to its remarkable heal¬ing capacity. Also, its remedies are free from side effects.