Differentiate between the reasons for the participation of the rich peasants and the poor peasants in the Civil Disobedience Movement

  • Rich peasants were hit hard by the trade depression and falling prices, whereas the poor peasants’ cash income dwindled and they could not pay their rents.
  • Refusal of the government to reduce the revenue demand led to widespread resentment among the rich peasants, whereas the poor peasants wanted the unpaid rent to the landlords to be remitted.
  • For the rich peasants, fight for swaraj was a struggle against high revenues and for the poor peasants, their ‘no rent’ campaign.
  • Rich peasants were disappointed since revenue was not reduced and the poor peasants were disappointed with the Congress as it was unwilling to support them.